List of the Various Kinds of Avocados

By | January 6, 2023
LocationAvocado ProductionMajor Grower Organizations
Mexico2.03 million tonnes in 2017; 86% from México, Morelos, Nayarit, Puebla and Michoacan
California24,000 hectares (59,000 acres) in 2015; 80% located in Southern California; 60% in San Diego County.The California Avocado Commission, the California Avocado Society and Calavo Growers.
PeruThousands of hectares in central and western Peru; largest supplier to EU, Asia, US.The Peruvian Avocado Commission.
Chile30% of production for domestic market; largest exporting country to the US, Europe and Asia.
‘Choquette’A seedling from Miami, Florida. ‘Choquette’ bore large fruit of good eating quality in large quantities and had good disease resistance.
‘Gwen’A seedling bred from ‘Hass’ x ‘Thille’. The fruit has an oval shape, slightly smaller than ‘Hass’ (100–200 g or 3+1⁄2–7 oz), with a rich, nutty flavor. The skin texture is more finely pebbled than ‘Hass’, and is dull green when ripe.
‘Hass’The most common cultivar of avocado. It produces fruit year-round and accounts for 80% of cultivated avocados in the world. All ‘Hass’ trees are descended from a single “mother tree” raised by a mail carrier named Rudolph Hass, of La Habra Heights, California.
‘Lula’A seedling grown from a ‘Taft’ avocado planted in Miami on the property of George Cellon, it is named after Cellon’s wife, Lula. It was likely a cross between Mexican and Guatemalan types. ‘Lula’ was recognized for its flavor and high oil content and propagated commercially in Florida.
‘Pinkerton’Discovered at Pinkerton Ranch in Saticoy, California, in the early 1970s, ‘Pinkerton’ is a seedling of ‘Hass’ x ‘Rincon’. The large fruit has a small seed, and its green skin deepens in color as it ripens. The thick flesh has a smooth, slightly waxy texture, creamy yellow-green c
‘Reed’Developed from a chance seedling found in 1948 by James S. Reed in California, this cultivar has large, round, green fruit with a smooth texture and dark, thick, glossy skin. Smooth and delicate, the flesh has a slightly nutty-sweet flavor with a hint of anise.
‘Zutano’A large, green cultivar developed by the Peterman family in 1984. Its flavor is subtly sweet with low oil content. ‘Zutano’ has superior cold tolerance and often produces fruit even at lower altitudes and during times of frost.