From the ancient groves of Southeast Asia to the sunny Mediterranean, citrus fruits have been enjoyed and cultivated for thousands of years. Prized for their sweet-tart flavors and vibrant colors, these juicy delights have become a staple of modern diets thanks to their essential vitamins (especially Vitamin C), fiber, protein, calories, and carbohydrates.
From the humble orange to exotic varietals like Buddha’s Hand citron, there is no shortage of citrus fruits available to tantalize any palate. In this blog post, we’ll explore some of the most popular varieties of citrus fruit on offer and discuss how you can use them in recipes or enjoy them simply as nature intended.
So join us on our citrusy journey and discover the delights of these sunny fruits!
Bright yellow and slightly oval-shaped, lemons are a commonly used citrus fruit known for their tart flavor. Their thick skin is bumpy and can range from rough to smooth depending on the ripeness of the lemon. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 31.2mg per 100g, and provide 17 calories per 100g. They also contain 6.5g of carbohydrates, 2.8 g of dietary fiber, and 0.3g of protein. Lemons are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish, salads, and desserts due to their tart flavor. Interestingly, lemons can increase the shelf-life of other fruits and vegetables due to their high citric acid content.
Dark green and slightly oval-shaped, limes are a citrus fruit known for their tart flavor. Their thin skin is smooth to the touch and can range from smooth to slightly wrinkled. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 29.7mg per 100g, and provide 19 calories per 100g. They also contain 8.2g of carbohydrates, 2.5 g of dietary fiber, and 0.6g of protein. Limes are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish tacos, salads, and desserts due to their tart flavor and they can also be used to make marmalade. Did you know that sailors in the 1700s used to consume lime juice regularly, as this helped them avoid succumbing to scurvy?
Bright orange and round-shaped, oranges are a widely eaten citrus fruit known for their sweet flavor. Their thin skin is smooth to the touch and can range from smooth to slightly wrinkled. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 53.2mg per 100g, and provide 47 calories per 100g. They also contain 11.8g of carbohydrates, 2.4 g of dietary fiber, and 0.9g of protein. Oranges are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish tacos, salads, and desserts due to their sweet flavor and they can also be used to make marmalade. Did you know that some oranges can contain an astonishing 18 separate sections of juicy goodness?
Bright yellow and slightly round-shaped, grapefruits are citrus fruit known for their tart flavor. Their thin skin is bumpy and can range from smooth to slightly wrinkled depending on the ripeness of the grapefruit. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 44.8mg per 100g, and provide 42 calories per 100g. They also contain 9.9g of carbohydrates, 1.6 g of dietary fiber, and 0.7g of protein. Grapefruits are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish tacos, salads, and desserts due to their tart flavor. Did you know that the invention of grapefruits is credited to Barbados in the 18th century and the fruit was a hybrid of an orange and pomelo?
Bright golden-orange in color and oval-shaped, kumquats are citrus fruit known for their slightly sweet flavor. Their thin skin is smooth to the touch and can range from smooth to slightly wrinkled. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 58.3mg per 100g, and provide 67 calories per 100g. They also contain 15.4g of carbohydrates, 5.5 g of dietary fiber, and 0.9g of protein. Kumquats are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish tacos, salads, and desserts due to their sweet flavor and they can also be used to make marmalade. Did you realize that kumquats are the only citrus fruit that can be eaten ripe and with no need to remove its peel?
Bright orange in color and round-shaped, clementines are a type of citrus fruit known for their sweet flavor. Their thin skin is bumpy to the touch and can range from smooth to slightly wrinkled depending on the ripeness of the clementine. They have a high amount of vitamin C, containing 25.7mg per 100g, and provide 47 calories per 100g. They also contain 11.3g of carbohydrates, 2.1 g of dietary fiber, and 0.6g of protein. Clementines are often used to flavor drinks or dishes such as fish tacos, salads, and desserts due to their sweet flavor. Astonishingly, clementines are a cross between an orange and mandarin.
An exotic citrus fruit originating from Southeast Asia that has a flavor that is a blend of tangerine and lime. Its size ranges from the diameter of a quarter to about two inches, and it has an orange-yellow color when ripe. Its lemon-like tartness adds zing to marinades, sauces, salads, desserts, drinks, and more. Calamondins are particularly high in vitamin C, containing about 34mg per 100g. A single calamondin contains only 11 calories and 2g of carbohydrates. An interesting tidbit about this fruit is that it’s the basis for the Philippine dish “kalamansi”, a sweet-and-sour fish stew.
Larger than calamondins, they have a deep, dark red or burgundy color on the outside. Its flavor is sweet and complex with hints of raspberry, and its flesh ranges from pink to red. Blood oranges can be eaten raw or squeezed for juice, used in marmalades and jams, added to salads, or included in baked goods. This fruit contains about 53mg of vitamin C per 100g, and a single blood orange contains 60 calories and 15g of carbohydrates. An unusual tidbit is that the pigments which give this fruit its unique color also contain antioxidants that have been linked to numerous health benefits.
A multifaceted flavor profile ranging from sweet to tart. Their pebbly orange skin is easy to peel and reveals juicy, bright-orange segments with a unique herbal aroma. When eaten, the sweet tart juice bursts forth in your mouth. Tangerines are a versatile addition to many dishes, from salads and desserts to smoothies and sauces. One cup of tangerine segments provides 70 milligrams of vitamin C, as well as 53 calories, 11 grams of carbohydrates, and 2 grams of fiber. A fun tidbit: the word “tangerine” is derived from Tangier, Morocco – a city near the Mediterranean Sea that was once known for its exotic citrus fruits.
A complex flavor profile of sweet-tartness, with an intense citrus aroma that is unique to this fruit. Their thin skin makes them easy to peel and reveals juicy orange segments with a slightly firmer texture than tangerines. When eaten, mandarins provide a burst of flavor that is both sweet and tart. They can be enjoyed on their own as a snack, or used as an ingredient in many dishes. One cup of mandarin segments provides 70 milligrams of vitamin C, as well as 53 calories, 11 grams of carbohydrates, and 2 grams of fiber. An interesting fact about mandarins is that they are believed to have originated in the Southeast Asian region and were brought to Europe by travelers from China.
The largest of all citrus fruits, offering a unique flavor profile that is both sweet and tart. The thick rind of the pummelo is yellow-green and can be hard to peel as it is very resistant to punctures. Inside, the flesh is pinkish-white with a juicy texture and an intense citrus aroma. Pummelos are extremely versatile, making them ideal for snacking or adding to salads, sauces, and marinades. One cup of pummelo segments provides 79 milligrams of vitamin C, as well as 66 calories, 15 grams of carbohydrates, and 3 grams of fiber. An interesting fact about pummelos is that the popular tangerine was created by crossing a mandarin orange with a pummelo!
Popularly known as Mexican or West Indian limes, these small, green citrus fruits are native to Southeast Asia and the Caribbean. Key limes have a tart and zesty flavor that makes them great for adding a hint of acidity to desserts, drinks, and other recipes. One key lime contains approximately 12-23mg of Vitamin C, which is up to 25% of the daily value. Additionally, these limes contain 11 calories and 2g of carbohydrates with 1g of fiber per fruit. Unusual fact: Key limes were used as a preventative measure against scurvy in British Royal Navy ships during the 18th century.
Often referred to as the Chinese grapefruit, Pomelos are a large variety of citrus fruit that has a sweet, mild flavor. These fruits are native to Southeast Asia and feature a thick layer of white pith around their juicy flesh. One pomelo contains 28-58mg of Vitamin C, which is up to 97% of the daily value. Additionally, a pomelo has 83 calories and 22g of carbohydrates with 9g of fiber per fruit. Unusual fact: Pomelos are believed to be the ancestor of the sweet orange, grapefruit, and tangerine citruses.
Originating from Southeast Asia, these small, bumpy limes are used in many Thai and Indonesian dishes. Kaffir limes have a potent aroma with a bitter, sour taste that can add depth to curries and soups. A single lime contains approximately 11-15mg of Vitamin C, which is up to 20% of the daily value. Additionally, these limes contain 7 calories and 3g of carbohydrates with 2g of fiber per fruit. Unusual fact: Kaffir limes are the main source of a common Southeast Asian flavoring agent called citronellal, which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy.
These small citrus fruits are native to Southern Italy and have a unique, sweet-tart flavor. Bergamot oranges are often used for flavoring herbal infusions like Earl Grey tea. One bergamot orange contains approximately 19-50mg of Vitamin C, which is up to 83% of the daily value. Additionally, these oranges contain 23 calories and 6g of carbohydrates with 2g of fiber per fruit. Unusual fact: These citrus fruits are named after the Italian city Bergamo where they were first cultivated in the late 18th century.
A unique citrus fruit with a bizarre, gnarled shape resembling a hand with its fingers outstretched, Buddha’s Hand is native to China and India. It has no juice or pulp, but instead contains an abundance of fragrant, zesty lemon-flavored pith that makes it ideal for flavoring drinks, sauces, marinades, and desserts. One cup of Buddha’s Hand contains 24mg of vitamin C, 35 calories, and 5 grams of carbohydrates. Interestingly, the origin of its strange shape is thought to stem from an ancient Chinese legend involving two dragons who were battling each other when they were both struck by a bolt of lightning – their talons interlocked in the shape we now know as the Buddha’s Hand.
Native to Japan, Baromo Orange is a sweet yet tart variety that has become increasingly popular throughout Asia for use in cooking and beverages. Its flavor is reminiscent of a mix between regular oranges and lemons – sweeter than the latter but more acidic than the former. One cup of Baromo Oranges contains 79mg of vitamin C, 43 calories, and 9 grams of carbohydrates. They also contain high levels of potassium which can help regulate blood pressure and reduce water retention. Additionally, Baromo Oranges have been proven to have anti-inflammatory properties thanks to their high antioxidant content; this makes them great for fighting off colds and flu naturally!
This Jamaican citrus fruit is part tangerine, part grapefruit – but definitely all delicious! The Ugli Fruit has an incredibly juicy flesh beneath its thick rind that yields a sweet yet tangy flavor bursting with citrusy goodness. One cup provides 80mg of vitamin C, 47 calories, and 10 grams of carbohydrates. What might be most unusual about this versatile fruit is that it can be eaten easily on its own like an apple or orange due to its lack of seeds or pips – making it incredibly convenient for snacking on the go!
Originating from India (and commonly referred to as rangpur oranges), these small tart fruits look like limes on the outside but have many characteristics similar to those found in tangerines – making them a hybrid between the two varieties. Known for their sour flavor with subtle undertones of sweetness, Rangpur Limes are mostly used for cooking or juicing due to their strong zestiness. One cup offers 48mg of vitamin C, 33 calories, and 8 grams of carbohydrates along with being rich in calcium which helps strengthen bones and teeth healthily! Additionally, these fruits have been known historically as being beneficial during pregnancy as they are said to help relieve morning sickness symptoms
With origins in Japan and parts of China these peculiar fruits look almost exactly like large strawberries – only they taste nothing like them! Trifoliate oranges are much tarter than regular oranges but are still slightly sweet underneath all the acidity; making them ideal for adding flavor to dishes such as salads or sauces without overpowering everything else on your plate. One cup contains 67mg of vitamin C, 40 calories, and 9 grams of carbs per serving along with high levels of dietary fiber which can potentially aid digestion in addition to providing antioxidants that help fight free radicals that cause cell damage!
If you ever wanted proof that lemons come in different shapes & sizes – then look no further than Variegated Lemons from Italy & Sicily! While most lemons tend to be greenish-yellow before fully ripening – these particular ones show off shades ranging from yellow & green hues all over their skins. One cup gives 84mg of vitamin C, 36 calories & 8 grams of carbs per serving plus high amounts of potassium which can improve nerve function & muscle strength while helping maintain fluid balance within our bodies too! As if that wasn’t enough – Variegated Lemons also contain citric acid which aids digestion & helps prevent urinary tract infections naturally.
An exotic Japanese lime featuring fragrant oils and full aromas that make your mouth water just by looking at one! Sudachi Limes may be smaller than normal limes but don’t let the size fool you; they pack tons amount flavor even when used sparingly due to their intense sourness blended with slightly sweet notes underneath all the acidity. One cup contains 44 mg of Vitamin C, 33 Calories & 7 Grams of Carbs plus high levels of magnesium which helps relax muscles while contributing towards healthy bones & nerves too! In addition – this unique citrus fruit also packs loads of folate essential prenatal nutrition during pregnancy!
This unique variety of lemon has a tart, sweet flavor that makes it a favorite among many different cultures. The aroma has been described as intense and complex with citrusy, floral, and herbal notes. It is yellow-green and when fully ripe can be slightly soft to the touch. Vitamin C content is higher than other types of lemons, containing up to 45 mg per 100g. It contains around 16 calories per piece and 3.3 grams of carbs along with 1 gram of fiber. An interesting tidbit about Yuzu lemons is their popularity in Japan for use in cleaning products due to their strong scent which is believed to help ward off bad luck.
This hybrid citrus fruit looks like a cross between a grapefruit and a lemon, making it visually striking and unmistakable at first glance. Its flavor is sour yet refreshingly sweet with a subtle bitterness that lingers on the palate after each bite. It contains an abundant amount of vitamin C; one piece provides more than double what is found in regular lemons (~100mg). Calories are relatively low at just 17 per piece and there are 4 grams of carbohydrates present along with 1 gram of dietary fiber. An unusual fact about Grapefruit Lemons is that while you can eat them raw like any other citrus fruit, they are especially tasty when cooked or pickled!
Also known as satsuma mandarins, this type of mandarin is small but packed with intense sweetness and zestiness in every juicy segment. Its taste resembles candied orange peel but without the sugary coating on the outside. Imperial mandarins contain an impressive amount of vitamin C (up to 70mg per 100g) which makes them highly nutritious snacks or breakfast accompaniments! Each piece contains around 25 calories with 6 grams of carbohydrates (including 1 gram of dietary fiber). One fascinating thing about Imperial mandarins is their use in traditional Chinese medicine for treating various ailments such as sore throat pain or digestive problems due to their antioxidant properties.
With its deep pink flesh and tart-sweet flavor, Marangelo grapefruits are great for adding extra zing to salads or smoothies alike! Their vitamin C content reaches up to 60 mg per 100 g which puts them among the most nutrient-dense fruits out there. They also provide 15 calories per piece along with 4 grams of carbohydrates (containing 1 gram of dietary fiber). An interesting fact about Marangelo grapefruits is their versatility; not only do they make delicious snacks when eaten by themselves but they can also be used in baking recipes such as cakes or muffins for added sweetness without the sugar!
These slender yellowish-green fruits have a pebbly skin which gives them their unique appearance as well as a distinctive flavor profile that combines both sweet nectarines and sharp undertones from the lemon family – making it perfect for those who love tangy flavors! Australian fingers provide quite high levels of vitamin C (up to 60 mg per 100g) plus 18 calories each along with 5 grams of carbohydrates (with 2 grams of dietary fiber). A lesser-known fact about these fruits is their applications in aromatherapy due to their strong fragrance that can help reduce stress levels as well as improve overall moods when diffused into the air or inhaled directly from its leaves/stems!
Starfruit or Carambola
As its name suggests, this tropical fruit looks like stars when sliced into thin discs – giving any dish an instantly eye-catching presentation! It has a lightly acidic taste similar to apples but offers much more sweetness compared to other varieties such as lemons or limes – making it ideal for adding vibrant flavors into salads or desserts alike! Vitamin C content here equals up to 40 mg per 100g while each piece provides just 8 calories plus 2 grams of carbohydrates including 0.5 grams of dietary fiber pieces respectively. An intriguing tidbit about starfruit would be how this fruit was once believed by ancient civilizations such as China & India to have magical powers capable of bringing good luck upon eating it regularly!
Known for being exceptionally juicy and fragrant, limequats are tart yet sweet fruits closely related to kumquats but with lime characteristics instead – hence their name “limequats” ! Each piece contains around 25 calories plus 6 grams of carbohydrates (2 grams being dietary fiber) alongside high amounts of vitamin C ranging up to 50mg per 100g. An uncommon trait about these fruits lies within their leaves; often used dried & ground into powder form and then added into teas/infusions because they supposedly possess medicinal properties such as boosting immunity & aiding digestion!
Gold Nugget Mandarins
These miniature citrus fruits truly live up to their name since they’re almost identical in size & weightwise to actual gold nuggets – only sweeter and juicier! Vitamin C content here reaches up to 80 mg per 100g while each piece contains 18 calories along with 4 grams of carbohydrates (including 2 grams of dietary fiber). A fun fact related to gold nugget mandarins would be their origins; originally from California, these little beauties were discovered as a crossbreed between other mandarin varieties such as Owari & Clementine in the late 1980s and have been available commercially ever since then!
These small-to-medium-sized fruits have a thin, easy-to-peel rind with a deep orange hue. Their juicy flesh is sweet and tangy with a hint of honey, making them most popular as an after-dinner dessert. With one cup containing approximately 112% of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin C, they also contain just 53 calories and 13 grams of carbohydrates, including 2 whole grams of dietary fiber. An interesting tidbit about Kiyomi tangerines is that their seeds are not edible, but can be used to make homemade tea for flavoring desserts, or for medicinal purposes such as treating colds.
Owari Satsuma Mandarins
These small citrus fruits hail from Japan and are prized for their incredibly sweet flavor and thin skin that makes them easy to peel. They are often enjoyed as an afternoon snack or indulgent treat due to their juicy sweetness. With one cup containing over 110% RDI vitamin C, these mandarins also contain just 53 calories per cup and 12 grams of carbohydrates, with 1 gram of dietary fiber included. A fun fact about Owari Satsuma Mandarins is that they are often grown in Japan’s famous “mandarin forests” where they produce abundant white flowers each season.
These large lemons are known for their thick yellow rind and tart flavor. Though they may not be ideal for eating raw due to their sour taste, Ponderosa lemons can be used in baking or cooking to add vibrant acidity to any dish. They have many health benefits too — one cup contains almost 100% RDI of vitamin C with just 44 calories and 10 grams of carbohydrates, including 3 grams of dietary fiber! A somewhat lesser-known fact about Ponderosa lemons is that when blended into a paste along with garlic cloves and vinegar, it can be applied topically to ease sore muscles.
These hybrid fruits are natively found in China but have very recently become increasingly popular in the United States due to their distinctly smooth flavor profile; though still tart enough to be sour like other types of lemons, Meyer lemons offer subtle hints of orange sweetness as well which makes them perfect for savory dishes or drinks alike! With one cup having 88% RDI vitamin C and only 46 calories coupled with 11 grams of carbohydrates (including 2 grams of dietary fiber), these versatile fruits make excellent additions to any diet without having the intense sourness associated with regular lemons. An interesting fact about Meyer Lemons is that some people use them in salads due to their milder taste than other kinds!
These smaller limes are distinguished by their bright green hue and slightly sweeter flavor than regular limes; however, Persian limes do still contain quite a bit of tartness which makes them ideal for adding zestiness to drinks such as cocktails! Per cup, these limes offer 91% RDI vitamin C with only 30 calories coupled with 8 grams of carbohydrate including 2 whole grams dietary fiber — making them an extremely nutrient-dense addition to any meal while still being low on calories! A surprising tidbit about Persian limes is that when cooked down into a paste along with garlic powder and spices it can act as an antibiotic ointment if applied topically!
These unusual citrus fruits have a unique blend between oranges and lemons — offering both the juiciness associated with oranges while still maintaining the distinctive sharpness associated with all kinds of limes! This interesting combination creates an incredibly flavorsome fruit whose juice can bring zinginess to any drink or food recipe; plus per cup, these limes offer 88% RDI vitamin C alongside 37 calories coupled with 8 grams of carbs (including 1 full gram dietary fiber). Perhaps less commonly known about Rangpur Limes is that fresh juice extracted from these uncommon fruits has traditionally been used by South Asian cultures since ancient times as a remedy against feverish symptoms!
Fortunella Margarita Kumquats
These small oval-shaped fruits look like miniature oranges but pack quite a punch when it comes to tartness due to their high content of citric acid — making them perfect additions when wanting something more complex than oranges yet less acidic than traditional limes or lemons. One cup offers up 78% RDI vitamin C with roughly 40 calories paired up nicely against 7g carbs (including 2g dietary fiber). Somewhat less common knowledge involving Fortunella Margarita Kumquats is that some cultures blend the tartness offered by these mini-fruits together with quark cheese before spreading them atop bread slices – creating delicious treats called Quarkkuchen!
Unlike Fortunella Margarita Kumquats which feature oval shapes much like tiny oranges, Sunquat Kumquats are much rounder and feature a marked sweetness that is still balanced by an earthy sourness. One cup of these miniature fruits provides up to 87% RDI vitamin C with only 48 calories coupled with 11g carbohydrates (including 3g dietary fiber). An interesting tidbit that may surprise you involving Sunquat Kumquats is that they can be served whole, skin and all — allowing their rich flavor to shine without having to peel their skin!
A small, yellow-orange citrus fruit, Meiwa kumquats are often eaten whole and uncooked, skin and all. They have an intense flavor that is tart with a hint of sweetness. One cup of freshly sliced Meiwa kumquats contains 101 milligrams of vitamin C, 66 calories, 16 grams of carbohydrates, 2.5 grams of dietary fiber, and 5.9 milligrams of potassium. An interesting tidbit about Meiwa kumquats is that they are the only citrus fruit where the entire fruit can be eaten without peeling or discarding any part.
A hybrid citrus fruit, Melogold grapefruits are noted for their sweet flavor and juiciness. They have a lemon-yellow exterior that is slightly bumpy and an interior divided into varied sizes of yellow or golden segments. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 92 milligrams of vitamin C, 80 calories, 20 grams of carbohydrates, 3.2 grams of dietary fiber, and 5.7 milligrams of potassium. An unusual tidbit about the Melogold grapefruit is that its juice has a pink hue due to the high levels of lycopene it contains.
A cross between pummelos and white grapefruit, Oroblancos are larger than traditional grapefruit and have a sweet, tart flavor. They have an ovoid shape with yellow-green skin and white flesh that is divided into segments. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 101 milligrams of vitamin C, 69 calories, 17 grams of carbohydrates, 2.6 grams of dietary fiber, and 5.3 milligrams of potassium. An unusual tidbit about Oroblanco grapefruits is their thick rind which can be used to make marmalade or even candied for use in desserts.
A unique variety of mandarin orange, Sugar Belles have a flattened spherical shape with a deep orange exterior and juicy interior made up of 8-10 segments. They are known for having a sweet-tart flavor that is much sweeter than regular oranges. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 74 milligrams of vitamin C, 64 calories, 16 grams of carbohydrates, 2.6 grams of dietary fiber, and 6.2 milligrams of potassium. An interesting tidbit about Sugar Belles is their high sugar content which gives them a unique sweet taste that is highly sought after in desserts and other culinary applications.
A variety of navel oranges with an oval shape, Midsweet oranges are noted for having a milder flavor than traditional navels. They have a deep orange exterior with a yellow-orange interior made up of 8-10 segments. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 81 milligrams of vitamin C, 69 calories, 17 grams of carbohydrates, 2.4 grams of dietary fiber, and 7.2 milligrams of potassium. An interesting tidbit about Midsweet oranges is that they are an excellent source of folate and thiamin which helps support normal metabolism and function in the body.
An orange-tangerine hybrid with a sweet flavor and juicy interior, Temple oranges have a deep orange exterior with 8-10 segments inside. They are much smaller in size than traditional oranges but still pack a nutritional punch. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 67 milligrams of vitamin C, 64 calories, 15 grams of carbohydrates, 2.6 grams of dietary fiber, and 5.1 milligrams of potassium. An unusual tidbit about Temple oranges is that they contain a unique type of antioxidant called ‘superoxide dismutase’ which acts as an anti-inflammatory in the body.
A variety of oranges with a sweet flavor and juicy interior, Valencia oranges are bright oranges and have 8-10 segments inside. They are known for their high juice content which makes them ideal for juicing or adding to salads. One cup of freshly cut slices contains 77 milligrams of vitamin C, 68 calories, 16 grams of carbohydrates, 2.4 grams of dietary fiber, and 5.1 milligrams of potassium. An interesting tidbit about Valencia oranges is that they are rich in several carotenoids including alpha-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin which help promote better eyesight and overall health.